Although complicated, these methods don’t require an IT degree for you to set them up. But you’ll benefit from having coding knowledge and an understanding of security features. If you don’t want to set up a tricky and time-consuming VPN of your own, try a top service like ExpressVPN. It’s an affordable option that requires no manual configuration for fast, secure connections. Plus, you’re protected by a 30-day money-back guarantee. Try ExpressVPN risk-free

Quick Guides: Easy Steps to Making Your Own VPN

On Your Router

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On the Cloud

With Another Device (Windows 11 PC)

With a VPN Router

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How to Make Your Own VPN Server — Includes Free Methods (Updated in 2023)

Before setting up your VPN, check your IP address to see if it’s static (doesn’t change) or dynamic (changes occasionally). If it’s dynamic, you should set up a DDNS (Dynamic Domain Name System) — this is a service that maps domain names to IP addresses, and it will give your IP address a fixed domain name. This way, you won’t have to reconfigure your VPN each time your IP address changes. Check with your router manufacturer for details on how to do this.

Set Up a VPN Server on Your Router

To set up a VPN server on your router, you’ll need to install firmware that supports a VPN server — you will likely have to replace the existing firmware on your router in a process called “flashing.” The most popular router firmware that supports VPN servers includes DD-WRT, Tomato, and OpenWRT. You can also purchase routers that have this firmware already installed. Flashing your router is a time-consuming and complicated process, and there is plenty of room for error. If your router doesn’t support your chosen firmware, you can easily “brick” it, and it will no longer work. Make sure you’re fully aware of the process before attempting to flash your router — you may find it’s much simpler and faster to use a top-tier VPN like ExpressVPN. No 2 routers are the same, so it’s difficult to create a universal guide for setting up a VPN with your router. This is a general guide for the steps you’ll need to take — you’ll find more detailed instructions on your firmware’s support site.

Set Up a VPN Server on the Cloud

Using a cloud-based VPN server means you can’t access your home network when away, but it does mean you can create VPN servers in different locations to access restricted content. For example, you can use your local streaming accounts when traveling abroad — your VPN server location isn’t tied to your physical location. The downside is that cloud-based servers come with some security issues. You have to trust that the hosting service you use isn’t going to log or share your data with third-party advertisers. Plus, the hosting service will likely keep a record of your online activity that could be handed over to the authorities or stolen if the service is compromised. Using an established VPN provider like ExpressVPN is a much more secure and private option. The following guide details the basic steps you’ll have to go through. The exact steps to follow will differ slightly, depending on the hosting service you choose and the device you’re using to set up the cloud-based VPN server. There is also some coding involved, so make sure you’re comfortable with inputting code before attempting.

Use Another Device as a VPN Server

You can turn one of your internet-connected devices into a VPN server, like a Windows or Mac computer. This device must be left on at all times in order to maintain the VPN server, as you won’t be able to make a connection if the device is switched off or crashes unexpectedly. You’ll also need to set up port forwarding on the VPN device so you can access the VPN from the internet.

How to make a VPN server on a Windows 11 computer

Windows 11 already has a built-in VPN, but it doesn’t use a secure VPN protocol. Instead, I recommend setting up your VPN with OpenVPN — a trusted, reliable, and secure connection protocol.

How to make a VPN server on a macOS or Raspberry Pi computer

Setting up a VPN server on a macOS computer is similar to setting it up on a Windows PC. However, macOS doesn’t natively support OpenVPN, so you’ll need third-party software to support it — I recommend either Tunnelblick or Homebrew, which are both free and easy to set up. Raspberry Pi is more complicated to set up, mainly as Linux and Raspberry Pi regularly update and release new versions. I recommend using an install script called PiVPN, as this will let you customize your VPN settings for maximum security. You can choose from a static or dynamic IP address, OpenVPN or WireGuard protocol, and more. To make your VPN, you’ll need a Raspberry Pi with a power supply, and an SD card. After setting it up with PiVPN, you also have to create a VPN client. There is a lot of room for error when manually setting up a VPN, particularly when it comes to security and privacy. It’s much easier to use a premium service like ExpressVPN, which has native apps for Windows, Mac, Raspberry Pi, and more.

Buy a VPN Router

The easiest way to set up your own VPN is by purchasing a VPN-enabled router. Make sure you check that the router you choose supports your preferred protocol, as this can be tricky to change — I recommend using OpenVPN for high-level security and fast speeds. The downside is that built-in VPN routers can be expensive, with prices from $100-$300 on average — a 1-year + 3 months subscription to ExpressVPN is considerably cheaper than a low-end VPN router. However, setup is relatively straightforward and takes less time than other make-your-own VPN methods.

Why Make Your Own VPN Server?

Creating your own VPN server can be quite technically complicated, but it’s worth it for a few good reasons:

Save Money

Get Remote Network Access

If you set up your VPN on your router, you’ll be able to access your home network from anywhere. You and anyone connected to your VPN can open work and personal files from your network (ideal if you work from home or own a small business), stream your local Netflix account when abroad and get around other geographical content restrictions.

Increase Your Privacy

Plus, cloud-based VPN servers have the added security of being disposable. If you decide to delete the server and set up a new one, all of the data is irreversibly removed. However, it’s important to note that using your own cloud-based VPN won’t let you get around regional restrictions — you can’t use it to bypass China’s Great Firewall, for example. For these activities, you need a guaranteed zero-log VPN with robust security like ExpressVPN. Try ExpressVPN risk-free

The Disadvantages of Making Your Own VPN Server

While there are some advantages, there are also some pretty significant disadvantages too — it’s not the best or most practical choice for everyone:

Your data is not fully secured: The VPN only protects the connection between the server and the client (your router or computer) — your ISP will still be able to see what you’re doing, as will any third parties that collect data from your ISP. You don’t get the full anonymity you would with a premium VPN service. Your speeds will be slower: If your standard internet speeds are slower, connecting to a homemade VPN will further decrease your speeds. Premium VPNs are designed to mitigate speed loss and keep download speeds fast, but you won’t have that option available. You won’t be able to access geo-restricted content: You’ll only have access to the IP address of your home network, so you won’t be able to connect to IPs in other countries (unless you set up a cloud-based VPN) and can’t access restricted content. A big bonus of commercial VPNs is that they have thousands of servers worldwide for easy connections to other locations — a VPN like ExpressVPN has 3000+ servers in 94+ countries. Your VPN won’t update automatically: You’ll have to manually update your VPN to ensure there are no software vulnerabilities as there’s no way to configure automatic updates. You’re responsible for security: You will need to make informed decisions about security-related issues, so it’s important for you to be up-to-date on the latest threats, software, and security configurations for your VPN server. It can be technical and tricky to set up correctly: While you won’t need an IT degree to set up your VPN, it’s a very technical process that must be set up correctly to ensure there are no security leaks or flaws. The top VPNs in 2023 all have native apps for a range of devices that are easy to download and install, with no tricky setup.

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The Best Alternative VPNs to Making Your Own VPN (Tested January 2023)

1. ExpressVPN — #1 VPN in 2023 With Fast Speeds Across a Global Network of 3000+ Servers

Key Features: ExpressVPN is the #1 VPN in 2023, with consistently high speeds across its global network. I ran multiple speed tests and found ExpressVPN is the fastest VPN on the market, with averages of around 90Mbps compared to a base speed of 110Mbps. This is more than enough for flawless streaming, torrenting, and online gaming. Extensive tests proved that its vast and reliable network of global servers means ExpressVPN is a top choice for streaming. ExpressVPN could easily access streaming accounts on services like: Alongside top speeds, ExpressVPN also has impressive security and privacy features. These are designed to keep your online activity and personal data hidden from prying eyes, ensuring you won’t be compromised when you’re connected. ExpressVPN includes the following features:

AES-256-bit encryption on all 3000+ server connections to keep your personal data secure Automatic kill switch which will cut your internet connection in the event the VPN falters Split tunneling allows you to connect to a VPN server while keeping a local connection to check your banking and weather apps, etc. P2P file-sharing support on all servers Secure protocols — Lightway and OpenVPN, which give fast speeds and great protection TrustedServer Technology uses RAM-based servers that cannot log data Audited zero-log policy (confirmed by KPMG and Cure53) ensures your data can never be passed to a third party — not even the government.

For quick and easy connections, ExpressVPN has intuitive native apps for a huge range of devices. These take just a couple of minutes to download and install before you’re ready to connect to a secure server — I didn’t have to manually configure any settings to get the best possible protection. Plus, ExpressVPN has router compatibility and a MediaStreamer feature, so I can create a secure connection on a smart TV and my PS5, which don’t support VPN apps. The only downside is that ExpressVPN isn’t free, like some methods for setting up your own VPN. However, the price is comparable to creating a cloud-based VPN, and much cheaper than purchasing a VPN router — just $6.67/month for a 1-year + 3 months subscription. I recommend you try ExpressVPN for yourself risk-free and see how easy and secure it is. If you’re not satisfied, you can get a full refund as ExpressVPN is backed by a 30-day money-back guarantee. I tested the process myself to make sure it’s genuine, and it was easy. I contacted the 24/7 live chat and requested a refund, which was arranged in less than 2 minutes. Best of all, I had my money back in just 5 days. Try ExpressVPN risk-free

2. CyberGhost — Optimized Servers Guarantee Connections for Streaming, Torrenting, and Gaming

Key Features: CyberGhost’s optimized servers are ideal for fast, reliable connections when streaming, torrenting, and gaming online. These servers are regularly tested by CyberGhost staff to ensure you always get a working connection. The torrenting and gaming servers are evenly distributed across CyberGhost’s server network so you can always make a nearby connection. In my tests, I was particularly impressed by the servers optimized for specific streaming services — Cyberghost could easily access  accounts on: CyberGhost’s optimized servers are significantly faster than the standard servers — as much as 30% faster in some cases. If your speeds are on the slower side (around 30Mbps or less), connecting to an optimized server will keep your speeds as fast as possible. CyberGhost does experience a little slowdown over very long-distance connections, but I found it to be reliably fast on local and mid-range locations, giving me flawless streaming quality. As well as solid speeds, CyberGhost has a range of top-tier security and privacy features that don’t need any manual configuration, including:

Military-grade encryption on all 9633+ servers to stop hackers from accessing your data An automatic kill switch prevents prying eyes from seeing your real IP in the event the VPN cuts out Malicious ad and tracker blocker stop invasive cyber threats that can be attached to pop-up ads Split tunneling allows you to separate your VPN connections to suit your intended activities RAM-based servers are wiped clean at every reboot, preventing the storage of any data Strict zero-log policy proves that CyberGhost does not retain any of your browsing data. Deloitte recently confirmed this in a detailed audit.

It has native app support for multiple popular platforms, including Windows, Mac, Android, iOS, Linux, and more. I found these apps are quick to download and don’t require any tricky setup to make a secure connection. CyberGhost also has a Smart DNS feature to use with apps that don’t natively support a VPN. My only issue with CyberGhost is that it’s not reliable at connecting from countries with strict network regulations, like China, Turkey, and Iran. It has issues bypassing these tough restrictions, so you may find it difficult to connect if you’re in one of these countries. However, if you’re anywhere else in the world, CyberGhost is an affordable and easy-to-use VPN — its prices start at just $2.19/month for a 2-year + 2 months plan. Plus, you can try CyberGhost risk-free with its generous 45-day money-back guarantee. It took me a couple of minutes to arrange my refund using the 24/7 live chat, and I had my money back in a week. Try CyberGhost risk-free

3. Private Internet Access — Huge Global Network Provides Quick and Easy Connections

Key Features: Private Internet Access (PIA) has the biggest server network of all the VPNs on this list, making it a top choice for easy global connections. These servers are available in a couple of clicks, without complicated setup — you can connect to servers in more than 84 locations almost instantly. It has streaming-optimized servers in 8 countries, which I found worked perfectly when using my local Netflix account. I ran multiple speed tests and found PIA is reliably fast on local connections. While I experienced some buffering before streaming, my connections were smooth and reliable. Like most VPNs, PIA can lose speed over long-distance connections. However, with 35000+ servers in its network, you’ll likely always find a nearby option for the best speeds. If you struggle with slow speeds, you can customize your encryption level for a speed boost. By switching PIA’s encryption from AES-256-bit to AES-128-bit, you can improve your speed without compromising your security. This customization is easy and safe to make — a similar configuration to your own VPN server could cause a security issue. Like many other VPNs, PIA has top-tier security and privacy features, including:

Automatic kill switch, which stops hackers from accessing your personal data if the VPN cuts out MACE ad and malware blocker to prevent trackers and other cyber threats Audited zero-log policy, proving that none of your data is stored so it can’t be shared with a third party.

You’ll also find PIA has app support for a range of platforms. During my tests, I found the apps easy to use, with fast download and installation to get connected quickly. Plus, you can use PIA’s Smart DNS feature for devices that don’t support VPN apps. PIA could access accounts with: While you can stream Netflix US and Disney+, PIA can’t always access some popular services, like BBC iPlayer and Hulu. If you want to connect to these, I suggest you contact customer service so an agent can recommend a server. You can try PIA risk-free for yourself as it’s a low-price option, starting at just $2.19/month for a 2-year + 2 months plan. Plus, PIA has a 30-day money-back guarantee — I found getting my money back was easy. I spoke to an agent using the 24/7 live chat and, after confirming my cancellation, I had my money back within a week. Try PIA risk-free

4. NordVPN — Premium VPN With Cheap Prices on Long-Term Plans

Key Features: NordVPN is one of the best VPNs on the market — and you can get super cheap prices when you sign up for a long-term subscription. One thing to note, however, is that when it’s time to renew your subscription, prices do increase quite significantly. I did, however, have issues with using NordVPN’s native Fire TV app. Although it worked and unblocked some streaming services, it sometimes had issues unblocking Netflix US and kept crashing. I also found that NordVPN’s user interface for desktop devices was less user-friendly than ExpressVPN and CyberGhost. NordVPN has the following security and privacy features:

AES 256-bit encryptionA kill switch that cuts your internet access if your connection to a VPN server drops suddenlyBuilt-in ad and malware blocker, so you don’t need a third-party ad blockerFully audited no-logs policy (audited by PwC) – NordVPN doesn’t store any personal or identifying data while you’re connected to the VPN

In addition, NordVPN includes Threat Protection that protects you from viruses, infected websites, and trackers – and it works whenever you have the NordVPN app open, even if you’re not connected to a VPN server. With plans that cost as little as $3.49 per month, it’s easy to find a NordVPN subscription plan that suits your needs. You can also stream, torrent, and browse for free for up to 30 days with its money-back guarantee. To ensure that you’ll really get your money back, I tested NordVPN’s money-back guarantee. At first, the support team tried to give me an extended trial period — but they initiated my refund right away after I told them I wasn’t interested in the extension. I got my money back in 6 business days. Get NordVPN today NordVPN works on: Windows, Mac OS, Android, iOS, Windows Phone, Chromebook, Linux, Chrome, Firefox, Fire Stick, and Android TV

5. Surfshark — Best Value for Money with Unlimited Device Connections and Fast Speeds

Key Features: Surfshark offers the best value for money out of every premium VPN on the market. You can connect an unlimited number of devices with a single subscription, which means you can use Surfshark on all your devices without getting logged out. I tested Surfshark’s simultaneous connections on 2 PCs, 2 phones, a Fire Stick 4K, and an iPad. My connection remained reliable on all 6 devices. Even while I was actively streaming on all my devices, my average speed was 112 Mbps — fast enough for UHD quality. When I saw the price of this service, I thought it couldn’t possibly have top-grade security features for such a low price, but I was pleasantly surprised. Surfshark has the following security and privacy features:

AES 256-bit encryption on all devices, with ChaCha encryption available for Android usersWireguard VPN protocol enabled by defaultDiskless, RAM-only servers to protect your privacy (no data can be physically extracted from any servers)Kill switch (although this isn’t enabled by default)IP and DNS leak protection

Surfshark offers two-factor authentication (2FA) on your account. This feature requires you to enter an extra code before you can log in to ensure that only you can access your account. While Surfshark does have slightly fewer global servers than rivals such as CyberGhost and PIA, I didn’t experience any issues during my tests. I easily connected fast working servers every time, and I had excellent speeds for streaming Netflix in UHD, downloading torrents, and browsing the internet.

You can try Surfshark for yourself with the 30-day money-back guarantee. It has plans that cost as little as $2.05. Requesting a refund is easy with Surfshark’s live chat feature. Although the support team asked why I wanted to cancel my subscription, I had no problem getting my money back (and it only took 4 days!). Get Surfshark today Surfshark works on: Windows, Mac OS, Android, iOS, Linux, Fire Stick, Samsung Smart TVs, LG Smart TVs, Android TV, Kodi, and selected routers

6. PrivateVPN — Simple App Interface Ideal for Beginner VPN Users

Key Features: PrivateVPN is a top-choice service for beginner users, thanks to its easy-to-navigate interface. I could instantly connect to a local PrivateVPN server without any manual configuration. The app is set to provide high-level security, so you can pick a server and connect without changing any settings. For advanced users, PrivateVPN has an advanced view interface so you can make changes and customize your connection. Some of PrivateVPN’s security and privacy features include:

Customizable encryption levels so you can adjust your security settings to boost speed performance IPv6 and DNS leak protection ensure your true identity is never leaked online Kill switch to stop your personal IP from being revealed if the VPN drops for any reason Stealth VPN obfuscation hides your VPN traffic, making it easier to access restricted sites.

You can easily access support from PrivateVPN’s app. Clicking “Open Live Support” takes you directly to a live chat window, so you don’t have to navigate there separately. This makes it easy to ask questions when configuring connection settings. Plus, PrivateVPN offers remote support from app developers, giving you instant access to true experts. My team and I ran multiple tests and found PrivateVPN is reliably fast across its server network. Even when I connected to servers 15,000km away, my speeds were fast enough for torrenting, gaming, and streaming — never falling more than 30%. However, if your speeds are around 50Mbps or slower, you may notice a drop in your connection quality on some servers. The downside to PrivateVPN is its small server network, which is tiny in comparison to other top-tier VPNs. With only 200 connections worldwide, there is a risk of overcrowding or limited locations. This could impact your ability to access local accounts or maintain fast speeds. If you’d rather have a big selection of global servers, I recommend you try ExpressVPN instead. Fortunately, PrivateVPN is an affordable option — it’s one of the best monthly VPNs available, with plans starting at just $2.00/month for a 3-year subscription. You can try PrivateVPN for yourself risk-free as it’s backed by a 30-day money-back guarantee. I sent an email to requesting a refund and it was approved without issue. I had my money back in 5 days. Try PrivateVPN risk-free

7. IPVanish — Unlimited Device Connections Provides Security at Home and on the Go

Key Features: IPVanish provides unlimited device connections on a single account, which is ideal for securing all of your devices when you’re at home and traveling. It supports multiple platforms, including Windows, Mac, Android, iOS, and Linux. All subscriptions come with unlimited data, so you can keep your devices connected to maintain high-level encryption — I didn’t have to choose between my devices or worry about hitting a data cap. I was concerned that connecting multiple devices would slow my speeds, but during my tests IPVanish was reliably fast with up to 12 simultaneous connections. My speeds slowed by around 30% on average, with just a tiny 12% drop on local servers — this made it possible to stream, torrent, and game online without lag or buffering. To ensure you always get the fastest connection, IPVanish displays the ping and user load for each server. By picking a server in my chosen location with low ping and users, I could always find the best option at any time. Unlike making your own VPN, which can be hit-or-miss with server speeds, with IPVanish you can ensure solid speeds when you make a connection. Alongside solid speeds, IPVanish protects every server connection with the following security and privacy features:

AES-256-bit encryption on every server to protect your real IP address and data Automatic kill switch prevents your real location from being revealed if the VPN disconnects Split tunneling lets you use 2 different VPN tunnels for different activities Scramble obfuscation feature (only works with the OpenVPN protocol) disguises your VPN to make it seem like a regular connection.

IPVanish servers could easily access the following platforms: The one issue I have with IPVanish is that it doesn’t accept cryptocurrency payments. If you want to stay completely anonymous online this may not be the best choice for you. But it accepts PayPal and credit cards — plans start at $3.99/month for a 1 year  subscription. Try IPVanish for yourself risk-free for up to 30 days. If you change your mind about your subscription, it’s easy to get a full refund. Simply head to your account in your browser, and click “Cancel Now” in the “Subscription” menu. I had my money back within the hour. Try IPVanish risk-free

Can I create my own VPN to unblock Netflix?

Yes, you can create a VPN to access your Netflix account. Using the VPN router method, you can connect to your home network from anywhere, log in to Netflix, and stream your favorite shows and movies. If you choose a cloud-based VPN server, you won’t be able to connect to your home network — however, you can set up a server in your home country to stream your local Netflix account.

Can I set up my own VPN server for free?

Yes, it’s possible to set up your own VPN server for free. There are a few free methods, such as hosting a server on a device like a smartphone or Windows PC, or using your existing router and flashing it to set up a VPN server. Other methods can be expensive — purchasing a VPN router can cost several hundred dollars, and using a cloud-based service varies in price, depending on the platform subscription costs. Ultimately, it’s much less time-consuming and far easier to subscribe to an affordable VPN service. While it’s not free, you can sign up for a plan with ExpressVPN for as little as $6.67/month — which can work out much more cost-effective than creating your own VPN. You can also check out the top free VPNs on the market, though bear in mind these may have limitations that will restrict how you use the service.

What’s the difference between a VPN server and a VPN client?

A VPN server and VPN client are at each end of the encrypted tunnel that secures your connection. When you set up your own VPN server, your device — your PC, smartphone, router, or another platform — becomes the VPN client. The VPN client communicates with the VPN server to send your data through the encrypted tunnel. The VPN server hosts and delivers the service to the VPN client to ensure your data is secured. The server also masks the true IP address of the client to keep your location secure. If you set up your VPN server to be at home (like on your router), your IP address will be that of your home network. If you were to connect to your home network VPN while using public WiFi, your IP address would be masked by your home network IP address.

Can I make my own VPN for torrenting?

You can create a VPN for torrenting, but I don’t recommend it. You won’t get the security, fast download speeds, and privacy features of a premium VPN service, which is essential when you’re P2P file-sharing. Creating your own VPN can be tricky, so you may not get the high-level encryption you want when torrenting. If you’re using your home network, your true IP address will still be visible to other torrenters. Plus, it’s very likely that your speeds will be much slower, meaning you’ll have to wait longer for torrents to complete.

Can I set up my own VPN server on Android, iPhone, Mac, Windows 10, and Linux?

Yes, you can set up a VPN server using a different device, like a computer running Windows, Linux, or macOS, or a smartphone. The method will differ depending on which device you want to use, and some configurations are more complicated than others. The easiest way to use a VPN on multiple devices is with a premium VPN service. Commercial VPNs have native apps for different platforms, making it easy to download, install, and set up a VPN connection in just a few minutes.

Is it illegal to make your own VPN?

No, it’s not illegal to make your own VPN. There are a variety of legal methods to create your own VPN to keep your data and devices secure. However, making your own VPN does not allow you to engage in illegal activity, and you cannot make a VPN in locations where VPN use is prohibited (like China, Turkey, and Iran). My team and I do not condone any illegal activity or VPN use, so make sure you’re aware of your local laws and regulations before creating your own VPN.

How much does it cost to build your own VPN?

The price of building your own VPN depends, but it shouldn’t cost you more than around $10 a month. There are methods of creating a VPN that are free, but these have some limitations — if you decide to subscribe to cloud hosting or buy a VPN router, these provide more flexibility but cost more. If you think building your own VPN may be a bit too complicated and tricky, you can subscribe to a premium VPN at an affordable price. A service like ExpressVPN starts at just $6.67 per month, with top-tier security, blazing-fast speeds, and native apps for multiple devices.

Making Your Own VPN for Free

While there are a few different ways to make your own VPN, each method comes with its own pitfalls. You might also find that the process isn’t as cost-free as you’d hoped. Instead, I recommend using a quality VPN provider, such as ExpressVPN. You can install it on all your devices in a couple of minutes, and avoid risks such as “bricked” routers, lost connections, and hidden costs. With fast speeds and a global server network, you can try ExpressVPN risk-free as it comes with a 30-day money-back guarantee. Just claim a full refund if you find you don’t like it. Try ExpressVPN risk-free

Summary: Best VPNs Available in 2023